Tea culture is a part of Chinese traditional culture, and also an important bridge connecting China vulgar culture and popular culture. In Chinese culture, the “poetry and painting, liquor and tea” are literary pursuits of scholars, while “firewood, rice, cooking oil, salt, soy-bean sauce, vinegar and tea” are daily necessaries of the public. Tea is the only intersection of popular culture and refined culture. A small tea leaf contains a lot of cultural factors .
Tea culture can be said an outward manifestation of Chinese traditional culture. In the ancient time, there is an old of saying of “realizing the truth or philosophic theory by tea-tasting”. Tea culture is interlinked to “Confucianism, Buddhism and Taoism” which are core of Chinese traditional culture. All of these cores are inextricably linked to tea culture- Confucianism connects to tea culture in moderation for which Confucianism pursues, while “harmony” is the most common concept in the philosophy of tea. Taoism has the similarity with tea culture in nature. Lao Tse said: “The tao way follows nature”, while tea-tasting also emphasizes on indifference to fame or gain, retain the original taste and flavor. The relationship between tea and Buddhism is closer, “Buddhism and tea has the same flavor”. Both of them center on tasting the current and sudden enlightenment. Thus it can be said that we are tasting Chinese culture when we drink tea.
Many Chinese poets prefer tea, tea is an important link with emotion. “Many poets are tea drinkers since the ancient times.” Su Shi not only wrote many poems about tea but also sent good tea to his friends. Lu You is the champion in writing poems about tea. In the ancient culture, tea is taken as the carrier of poems and paintings which are closely linked with tea. People need poetic life.
Tea culture is continuously inherited in China. Tea was written in the literature as early as Shen Nong tasted a hundred herbs. It was used as medicine at that time, and then constantly developed in the constantly and tea ceremony. “Tea ceremony” was formed in Tang Dynasty when Lu Yu started writing tea ceremony to make a description of history and functions of tea. In the agricultural era, tea is the high-end product in international trade. For example, a very important trade route in ancient China is known as “the Ancient Tea Horse Road” which links China to the West Asia, Central Asia, Central Asia or even the Europe.
In modern times, Chinese lifestyle changes significantly, form and content of the tea culture is also more abundant. Young people like drinking Hong Kong-style milk tea, as well as Taiwan pearl milk tea, which is continuity for traditional Chinese culture, a new culture appeared, the extraction process of tea extract is also increasingly mellow. For example, tea polyphenol and other active ingredients extracted from tea are applied to cosmetics, health care products and GREEN feed additives.
The researchers are not the creators of tea culture, anyone of us who drinks tea is creating Chinese tea culture. Tea drinking is a healthy lifestyle should be promoted, which makes people calm, relieves anxiety in the modern society. Tea enables to keep calm when facing with affairs of human life.